Tes AcEPT: Part V Composing Skills (Jumbled Sentence)

Soal nomor 37 – 40 berisi kalimat-kalimat yang tidak disusun dengan urutan yang logis. Anda diminta untuk memilih opsi yang menujukkan urutan kalimat logis yang membentuk paragraph.

Exercise 1

Look at the following text about growing cotton in India. The paragraphs have not been printed in the correct order. Arrange the paragraphs in the correct order. Remember that the topic of one paragraph should follow logically from the topic of the last paragraph and should lead on to the topic of the next paragraph.

(A) Most of the farmers are extremely poor. Attracted by cheap loans from pesticides traders and the prospect of a quick buck, they borrowed heavily to raise cotton on small plots of land.

(B) According to the Ministry of Agriculture, the crop losses and destruction in Andhra Pradesh arose from the repeated application of excessive amounts of chemicals – a practice actively encouraged by pesticides traders.

(C) The suicide of Samala Mallaiah in Nagara village grabbed media headlines. He owned one acre of land, leased two more and grew cotton on all three. After making a loss in the first year, he leased yet more land in an attempt to recover. Confronted with falling prices, mounting debts and pest attacks, he committed harakiri. ‘Cotton has given us shattered dreams,’ said one old farmer in Nagara village.

(D) As many as 60,000 small farmers in the region of Andhra Pradesh, southern India, have taken to farming cotton instead of food crops. Some 20 of them have recently committed suicide by eating lethal doses of pesticide.

(E) Whitefly, boll weevils and caterpillars multiplied and destroyed their crops, despite the constant application of pesticides. The average yield of cotton fields in Andhra Pradesh fell by more than half in just one year. Now the farmers are in no position to repay the loans or feed their families.

(F) Nearly half the pesticides used in India go into protecting cotton, the most important commercial crop in the country. However, pests have shown increased immunity to a range of pesticides. Last year there were heavy crop losses due to leaf-curl, which is caused by the dreaded whitefly. This nondescript, milky-white fly sucks sap from the cotton leaves, making them curl and dry up. The fly struck first in Pakistan and north-western India. Then it turned south.

(New Internationalist, June 1998, p. 13)

A) A C F E B D   B) D A E C F B   C) E A C F B D   D) C D A E F B   E) B D A C F E

Paragraphs – answers (berikut adalah urutan kronologis bacaan yang benar)

Jawaban yang benar adalah (B) D A E C F B

As many as 60,000 small farmers in the region of Andhra Pradesh, southern India, have taken to farming cotton instead of food crops. Some 20 of them have recently committed suicide by eating lethal doses of pesticide.

Most of the farmers are extremely poor. Attracted by cheap loans from pesticides traders and the prospect of a quick buck, they borrowed heavily to raise cotton on small plots of land.

Whitefly, boll weevils and caterpillars multiplied and destroyed their crops, despite the constant application of pesticides. The average yield of cotton fields in Andhra Pradesh fell by more than half in just one year. Now the farmers are in no position to repay the loans or feed their families.

The suicide of Samala Mallaiah in Nagara village grabbed media headlines. He owned one acre of land, leased two more and grew cotton on all three. After making a loss in the first year, he leased yet more land in an attempt to recover. Confronted with falling prices, mounting debts and pest attacks, he committed harakiri. ‘Cotton has given us shattered dreams,’ said one old farmer in Nagara village.

Nearly half the pesticides used in India go into protecting cotton, the most important commercial crop in the country. However, pests have shown increased immunity to a range of pesticides. Last year there were heavy crop losses due to leaf-curl, which is caused by the dreaded whitefly. This nondescript, milky-white fly sucks sap from the cotton leaves, making them curl and dry up. The fly struck first in Pakistan and north-western India. Then it turned south.

According to the Ministry of Agriculture, the crop losses and destruction in Andhra Padresh arose from the repeated application of excessive amounts of chemicals – a practice actively encouraged by pesticides traders.

Catatan:

Untuk memastikan urutan cerita yang tepat, silahkan kunjungi website tersebut untuk mengetahui teks aslinya.

http://www.newint.org/features/1998/06/05/cotton/

Tes AcEPT: Part III Grammar and Structure (Cloze Test)

Untuk soal nomor 16 – 25, pilihlah kata atau frasa pada pilihan A, B, C, dan D yang secara tepat melengkapi bagian-bagian yang kosong dalam teks bacaan.

A cloze test (also cloze deletion test) is an exercise, test, or assessment consisting of a portion of text with certain words removed (cloze text), where the participant is asked to replace the missing words. Cloze tests require the ability to understand context and vocabulary in order to identify the correct words or type of words that belong in the deleted passages of a text. This exercise is commonly administered for the assessment of native and second language learning and instruction.

Here’s an example, using a paragraph from Facebook’s privacy policy:

Site activity information. We keep {1}______ of some of the actions {2}______ take on Facebook, such as {3}______ connections (including joining a group {4}______ adding a friend), creating a {5}______ album, sending a gift, poking {6}______ user, indicating you “like” a {7}______, attending an event, or connecting {8}______ an application. In some cases {9}______ are also taking an action {10}______ you provide information or content {11}______ us. For example, if you {12}______ a video, in addition to {13}______ the actual content you uploaded, {14}______ might log the fact that {15}______ shared it.

Here are the missing words from the sample paragraph:

{1} track

{2} you

{3} adding

{4} or

{5} photo

{6} another

{7} post

{8} with

{9} you

{10} when

{11} to

{12} share

{13} storing

{14} we

{15} you

Exercise:

The strict version of the test requires that students provide the correct term for each blank, while a looser version has also been used that accepts “partially correct” answers, such as those that are the correct part of speech (verb, noun, pronoun, etc.). These answers indicate that students are learning the syntactic rules of language, but are as yet unable to translate these into a semantic comprehension of the text.

The answers for the spaces are as follows:

To jump to a scene, click __on__ Henry’s shirt pocket. The note pad appears. Then, click on the options tab. The options page appears. Then, click on the arrows on the right and left side of the scene pictured near the bottom of the page to flip through the scenes. When you find the scene you want, click the picture to go there.

Henry’s friend Ginger has a useful item that will help you pinpoint the number of jellybeans in Mr. Sherman’s jar. It is called the solution tester, and Ginger will let you use it whenever you would like. You have to find some clues to put into the solution tester before you use it. Ginger hangs out in Henry’s tree house, where she works on her own guesses for the Jellybean Contest. You can get to the tree house using Henry’s note pad. Go to the options page and click on the tree house.

Ikuti

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