How Can I Locate the Main Idea?

Once you can find the topic, you are ready to find the main idea. The main idea is the point of the paragraph. It is the most important thought about the topic.

To figure out the main idea, ask yourself this question: What is being said about the person, thing, or idea (the topic)?

The author can locate the main idea in different places within a paragraph. The main idea is usually a sentence, and it is usually the first sentence. The writer then uses the rest of the paragraph to support the main idea.

Let’s use the paragraph below as an example. First find the topic, then look for the main idea.

        

  Summer is a wonderful time to spend at West Beach. It is a beach with light-

  colored, soft sand. The coastline goes on for a long way and many people enjoy walking

  along it. Children like to play in the surf and walk along the rocks that are visible at

  low tide. This is a fun beach for people of all ages.

  In this paragraph:   

  • the topic is West Beach

  • the main idea (what the writer is saying about the topic) is that summer is a wonderful time at West Beach

 

Here is another example: 

 

             The movie Apollo 13 was a blockbuster for the summer of 1995.

             It is an exciting story about space exploration. In the movie, the astronauts

             get in trouble while they are trying to return to Earth. People in the audience

             are on the edge of their seats waiting to see what happens. What makes it even

             more exciting is that it is a true story. 

 

     In this paragraph: 

  • the topic is the movie Apollo 13

  • the main idea is in the first sentence: Apollo 13 was a blockbuster for the summer of 1995

 

While the main idea is usually in the first sentence, the next most common placement is in the last sentence of a paragraph. The author gives supporting information first and then makes the point in the last sentence.

Find the details that support the main idea

Read the paragraph and the main idea for the paragraph. Underline the details that support the main idea.
1.      Main Idea: Frogs eat bugs.

The frog sat on the side of the pond. He was very still. His green color made him hard to see. A bug flew near him. His tongue zipped out, and he gobbled it up. Then the frog was still again. He waited for the next bug.
2.      Main Idea: A new school is being built.

They are building a new school. It is near my house. Every day, I watch the workers. They drive huge tractors. I watch them push a ton of dirt. They have a big crane. It helps them place tall beams. The workers build walls. They are using brick. Every day, it looks more like a school. Mom says I will go there in the fall!
3.      Main Idea: Jon makes a basket.

Jon held the ball in his hands. He bounced it slowly on the ground. Once. Twice. He crouched low and then jumped. The ball flew into the air. Up, up, up, it went. Then down, down, down, into the basket. “Yes!” he yelled. “Nothing but net!”

Find main idea of the paragraph

Read the paragraph and then write the main idea of the paragraph.
1.      The frog sat on the side of the pond. He was very still. His green color made him hard to see. A bug flew near him. His tongue zipped out, and he gobbled it up. Then the frog was still again. He waited for the next bug.

The main idea in this passage is:
2.      My favorite dress is yellow. It has a white ribbon that ties in the middle. It has lace by the neck. It also has lace at the bottom. I wore it for my aunt’s wedding. I was the flower girl. Mom said I looked as pretty as the bride!

The main idea in this passage is:
3.      Jon held the ball in his hands. He bounced it slowly on the ground. Once. Twice. He crouched low and then jumped. The ball flew into the air. Up, up, up, it went. Then down, down, down, into the basket. “Yes!” he yelled. “Nothing but net!”

The main idea in this passage is:

Reading Comprehension (Find Main Idea From The Passage)

Read the paragraph and then select the main idea for the paragraph.
1.      The frog sat on the side of the pond. He was very still. His green color made him hard to see. A bug flew near him. His tongue zipped out, and he gobbled it up. Then the frog was still again. He waited for the next bug.

The main idea in this passage is:

Frogs are green.

Frogs eat bugs.

Frogs do not move.

Frogs live in ponds.
2.      It was backward day at school. The students had to do things backward. Some of them wore their T-shirts backward. They took a test before they studied the lesson! Dessert was served first instead of last. They tried to walk home backward, but they bumped into each other and fell down.

The main idea in this passage is:

Dessert is supposed to come last.

The students had a backward day.

It is hard to do things backward.

Students failed their tests.
3.      Jon held the ball in his hands. He bounced it slowly on the ground. Once. Twice. He crouched low and then jumped. The ball flew into the air. Up, up, up, it went. Then down, down, down, into the basket. “Yes!” he yelled. “Nothing but net!”

The main idea in this passage is:

How to throw a basketball.

Jon could jump.

Jon liked basketball.

Jon makes a basket.

The Reading Exam

There are 3 passages and about 40 questions. The reading test is an hour so you don’t have a spare second for exam nerves. You need to prepare for this exam by developing an understanding of the different question types and also by developing strategies. You need to try and answer the questions while reading as little as possible.

The texts are often very long and dense. They are on topics ranging from complex scientific issues to articles on psychology and the environment. There can be a lot of complicated vocabulary that you may not know. Baca lebih lanjut

How to find main idea

The main idea of a passage or reading is the central thought or message. In contrast to the term topic, which refers to the subject under discussion, the term main idea refers to the point or thought being expressed. The difference between a topic and a main idea will become clearer to you if you imagine yourself overhearing a conversation in which your name is repeatedly mentioned. When you ask your friends what they were discussing, they say they were talking about you. At that point, you have the topic but not the main idea. Undoubtedly, you wouldn’t be satisfied until you learned what your friends were saying about this particular topic. You would probably pester them until you knew the main idea, until you knew, that is, exactly what they were saying about your personality, appearance, or behavior. The same principle applies to reading. The topic is seldom enough. You also need to discover the main idea.
Reading Tips:

1. As soon as you can define the topic, ask yourself “What general point does the author want to make about this topic?” Once you can answer that question, you have more than likely found the main idea.

2. Most main ideas are stated or suggested early on in a reading; pay special attention to the first third of any passage, article, or chapter. That’s where you are likely to get the best statement or clearest expression of the main idea. Baca lebih lanjut

How to Improve Reading Comprehension

The Purpose of Reading.

The purpose of reading is to connect the ideas on the page to what you already know. If you don’t know anything about a subject, then pouring words of text into your mind is like pouring water into your hand. You don’t retain much. For example, try reading these numbers:

7516324 This is hard to read and remember.
751-6324 This is easier because of chunking.
123-4567 This is easy to read because of prior knowledge and structure.

Similarly, if you like sports, then reading the sports page is easy. You have a framework in your mind for reading, understanding and storing information. Baca lebih lanjut

Ikuti

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Bergabunglah dengan 85 pengikut lainnya.

%d blogger menyukai ini: